Deliverables

Prototype and Demonstrator Recordings

JULY 2021: Prototypes produced in the previous year have been integrated, tested and validated in several live ‘on-road’ demonstration cycles that took place across Europe. All expected results have been achieved; in several cases the consortium was able to move well beyond the targeted technology readiness level. Recordings of all 16 demonstrations have been made and are available on the project homepage. The successful demonstrations contribute to an increased trust of consumers in connected and automated vehicles. The demonstrations also support recommendations by SECREDAS partners to various national and EU standardisation boards.

SEPTEMBER 2020: The consortium partners made a tremendous effort in producing 46 individual recordings of HW/SW demonstrators and prototypes which will be included in the project’s final year solutions to mitigate security, safety and privacy threats to connected and automated vehicles. These demonstrators – produced despite COVID19 restrictions which made access to labs, equipment, colleagues or partner organisations difficult – will be integrated in year 3 and placed inside automated vehicles who will be confronted with a wide variety of external and internal security and safety threats when dealing with road intersections, rail/road crossings, roundabouts etc. The tests will demonstrate that these threats can be avoided or mitigated successfully, whilst also maintaining full driver/passenger privacy. Some examples of stand-alone demonstrators created in year 2 are shown below.

Year 2 demo videos – prototype integration activities:

SECREDAS – Demo I Road intersection:
Overview of the on-road demonstration site in the Netherlands, vehicle setup, and – as example – an on-board anomaly detection system.
SECREDAS – Demo II Sensor fusion:
This recording shows the benefit of fusion of data from in-vehicle sensors and road-side infrastructure. This way, the vehicle can plan its trajectory taking into account even obstacles it does not see (yet) using its own sensors.
SECREDAS – Demo III Connectivity & secure access:
This recording highlights a car sharing solution that uses an government issued ID or a driving license to derive data used to access to a rented vehicle.

Year 2 attacks or attack detection/prevention:

SECREDAS – Attacks or attack detection/precention (SecureCarAccess):
Estimation of distance using Bluetooth low energy to prevent detect “man-in-the-middle” (repeater attacks).
SECREDAS – attacks or attack detection/prevention (security testing):
CAN Anomaly detection – detection of anomalies on CAN bus data.
SECREDAS – attacks or attack detection/prevention (anomaly detection system):
Anomaly detection in V2X systems.
SECREDAS – Attacks or attack detection/prevention (security testing tool):
Tool to test security showing successful attack on a vehicle.

Driver monitoring (aiming for drowsiness detection):

SECREDAS – Driver Monitoring I:
Integration of non-intrusive sensors to montior the breathing of the driver (camera and a laser).
SECREDAS – Driver Monitoring II:
Radar based respiration (breathing) andheart-rate

Other:

SECREDAS – SecOC: SECREDAS SecOC (Secure Onboard Communication)
SECREDAS – Biometric driver authentication:
Biometric (camera based) driver authentication using facial recognition.
SECREDAS – Security And Privacy Aware Design based on principles:
Description of a methodology for Security And Privacy Aware Design based on principles.
SECREDAS – Safety-Security Analysis method:
Description of a security-safety analysis methodology.



SECREDAS public deliverables

The SECREDAS project has produced a total of 99 deliverables during its 3-year running time, a sub-section of which are public and therefore listed below:



WORKSHOP 5: SECREDAS contribution to International/European standardization

In this workshop we will discuss safety, cybersecurity and privacy issues related to the automotive and connected autonomous vehicle sector, as well as in Health and Railways. The SECREDAS partners have been active in various standardization committees and working groups in ISO, IEC and ETSI, but also in related standardization work of IEEE and others. Topics relevant to the SECREDAS project included generic safety, cybersecurity standards, domain-specific standards and new upcoming ones concerning smart mobility (c-ITS, AI and functional safety, Connected and ExVe (Extended Vehicle) safety, Safety of automated driving systems), guidelines for personal data management and also ethical aspects of connected and automated driving or of any other highly automated system using AI technology. The workshop will provide an overview of the work and contributions of SECREDAS partners and future aspects to be taken up beyond the SECREDAS project.

Workshop moderator: Erwin Schoitsch, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology


WORKSHOP 3: Towards a common reference in safety/security/privacy systems

Workshop 3 will discuss how the SECREDAS partners have been able to create a common reference in Risk Analysis and Architecture to satisfy the Automotive ecosystem needs for simultaneous and integrated safety, security and privacy design. Our approach has been based on building on shared best practices and addresses many technical issues identified by multiple stakeholders and companies.

Workshop moderator: Jean-Loup Dépinay, IDEMIA


WORKSHOP 1: Lower TRL technologies developed by SECREDAS for autonomous driving

a) In-vehicle networking components: In this workshop we will showcase the demonstrator for a particular SECREDAS use-case that will “Keep car secure” for the whole vehicle product lifetime. The demonstrator that we created, shows how a rogue command from a safety critical device is blocked. We will also highlight which specific technologies are exploited for a secure firmware-over-the-air update of electronic modules in a vehicle. We will then explain how developed components have been integrated to show the update of the transmission pass list from a selected secure CAN transceiver in response to a field attack.

Workshop moderator: Armand Stuivenwold, NXP Semiconductors

b) Radar 5G and Lidar approaches: In this talk, we first consider a communicating radar system, referred to as a RadCom system, that overcomes the drawbacks of existing radar techniques, while using the same system for inter vehicular communication. In this context we compare conventional orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) with universal filtered multicarrier (UFMC), a new 5G waveform candidate, as a suitable RadCom waveform that offers a good trade-off between performance and complexity. Then we also propose multicarrier code division multiple access (MC-CDMA) as a multiple-access (MA) technique that can offer great performance in terms of multiuser detection and power efficiency. Finally, we study how UFMC f ilter length and MC-CDMA spreading sequences can impact overall performance on both radar and communication separately under a multipath channel.

In other complementary studies, we also explore key algorithmic blocks that could allow multi-carrier mmWave communicating systems to localize multiple vehicles and passive obstacles over V2I links, thus enabling extended and synergetic RadComLoc capabiliies. These features concern e.g., joint beams optimization and resource allocation, the fast estimation of sparse mmWave multipath parameters or simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) algorithms.

Workshop moderator: Sylvie Mayrargue - CEA-LETI

c) Sensing technologies and methods to monitor personal health and driver performance:The driver’s role in autonomous vehicles remains essential as they must take control in case of emergency or system failures. The vehicle’s cockpit will be equipped with systems to monitor the driver’s drowsiness, alertness, stress and distraction. Such systems will rely on continuously measuring the driver’s physiological parameters, including heartbeat, respiration and sweat, as well as the driver’s behaviour and responses. We will discuss different technologies developed in SECREDAS to sense such physiological parameters and to extract information on the driver’s suitability to take control of the vehicle at any time.

Workshop moderator: Miguel Glassee – IMEC Belgium


WORKSHOP 6: Societal, human, legal aspects of C-ITS solutions

In this workshop we share the most striking results we obtained from surveying the technology providers and broader stakeholder groups on aspects related to human factors, the wider possible societal implications, and conceivable legal connections. You will also have an opportunity to provide further feedback and comments.

Workshop moderator: Sven Maerivoet, Transport & Mobility Leuven


WORKSHOP - Presentation of SECREDAS integrated DEMO results

The SECREDAS partners are proud to present the findings of their technology integration efforts and the live demonstrations that were carried out to validate that we are able to avoid or mitigate a range of security, safety and privacy threats that might otherwise occur when using automated vehicles. We will show how our technologies contribute to higher consumer trust levels in future generations of automated vehicles. All demonstrated technology components and integrated systems during the presentation are also shown and demonstrated in the symposium section of the conference.

The following SECREDAS three integrated technology Demonstrators will be presented:

Demonstration I focusses on six different external threat scenario’s which occupants of automated vehicles might encounter. All mitigation actions shown in the workshop demonstrate how we ensure safe and cyber secure V2X communication to protect the safety of all nearby road users, not just the vehicle under attack. Five threat scenarios were demonstrated on a public intersection directly next to the Helmond Automotive Campus; the final scenario was tested and validated at a dedicated test roundabout in Modena.

Demonstration II  targets the safe handling of a situation in which the driver is unfit to take over the control of a semi-autonomous vehicle. The demonstration, including several sub-scenario’s took place at the CSIC testing premises in Madrid.

Demonstration III addresses the issue of secure car sharing. The focus has been to mitigate threats and challenges related to secure authentication and authorization during reservation of a shared vehicle. The actual live demonstration took place at IMA premises in Prague.

Demonstration IV focuses on rail-domain specific secure computing environment aiming for very high safety levels (SIL4). The presented solution takes advantage of virtualization, COTS hardware and cloud technologies to reduce total costs associated with the safety-critical components and solutions.

Demonstration V shows how validation of selected security and safety related scenarios can be performed without risks and costs related to use of cars and public road infrastructure - taking advantage of drones. Presented is the Drone Scenario Builder replication capability of selected scenarios from Demonstration I and use of Drone Security and Privacy Framework to address security and privacy issues related to V2X communications and WAN connectivity. The actual live demonstration is planned to be shown during the conference on a remote location.


WORKSHOP 4: Connected and cooperative mobility based on C-ITS standards

The deployment of connected and cooperative services (services based on the exchange of data between vehicles and their surrounding environment and the cloud) is taking momentum following the European initiatives in piloting the deployment of Cooperative ITS services (C-Roads, InterCor based on CEN, ISO and ETSI standards, mass deployment by Volkswagen and road operators). In this workshop, we are going to discuss how SECREDAS followed this trend in addressing the security issues related to vehicle connectivity, both for cloud-based communications, V2X localized communications between vehicles and the roadside infrastructure and IoT devices integration. We will discuss the contributions of SECREDAS in terms of analysis, prototyping, proof of concept, integration, demonstrations and standardization.


WORKSHOP 2: Outcomes on scenarios and use cases relevant to other EU pilot projects

In Secredas several user scenarios were developed that cover the crossroads of security, safety and privacy protection. A recap of the 4 automotive scenarios, health scenario, and rail scenario will be given, and the chosen approach to work with these scenarios will be compared to the approaches in other EU projects. Lessons learned from the comparison will be presented in the second part of the workshop. Since 2018, each year an Electronic Components and Systems (ECS) -  Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) sets the strategic priorities and technical pathways to enable European industry to become stronger and more competitive. The ECS-SRA acts as a tool to realise an industry-driven, long-term vision of the ECS ecosystem, as well as to match the allocation of programs and resources to different technology challenges. In the final part of the workshop, a reflection of Secredas to the 2018-2021 SRAs will be made.